Today, Parliament considers the second reading of the Mesothelioma Bill and I very much welcome the Labour Party’s support for this Bill and their ongoing commitment to support the plight of asbestos victims.
Mesothelioma is a form of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos – it is always fatal and tragically leads to a painful lingering death for the victim. It is a long-tail disease, which means people exposed to asbestos many years ago, are only now discovering the consequences of their employers’ negligence.
The Mesothelioma Bill seeks to provide the legislative framework for a UK-wide Diffuse Mesothelioma Payment Scheme to make payments to people with the disease who are unable to trace (and bring a claim for damages against) their employer or their Employer’s Liability insurer. This is very important because many sufferers (it is thought as many as one in every six or seven) are unable to trace their employer or insurer to lodge a complaint.
The proposed Payment Scheme will be industry-funded by a levy on currently active insurers in the UK Employers’ Liability market, and it is intended as a fund of last resort, such that sufferers who are unable to trace their employer or their employer’s insurer can apply to the fund; it is proposed that successful applicants will receive 75% of the average compensation of claimants of the same age who have pursued successful civil compensation claims.
I am proud that the Labour Party has always been at the forefront of fighting for asbestos victims. In February 2010, Labour launched the original consultation on the Diffuse Mesothelioma Payments Scheme that forms the basis of this new law, and prior to that (in 2008) they introduced the Mesothelioma Payments Scheme, which provides lump sum payments for people suffering from diffuse Mesothelioma, who are unable to claim compensation from other sources (such as women who washed their husbands’ contaminated clothes, or the self-employed).
Of course looking further into the past, it was Labour that introduced and secured the passage of the Pneumoconiosis etc. (Workers’ Compensation) Act in April 1979, which provides lump sum compensation payments to people suffering from certain dust-related diseases (or, if they have died, their dependants) where a civil claim for damages is not possible because the employer(s) is no longer in business. Prior to this, in 1969, it was Labour that introduced the Employers Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act, requiring employers to insure against liability for injury or disease to their employees arising out of their employment.
It is against this background that Labour must continue to stand up for the victims and sufferers. Although this Bill is welcome, it remains deeply flawed and I add my voice to those calling on the Government to concede to some vital amendments:
“The Bill does not - and cannot - look to respond to all asbestos-related disease. The issue of individuals who have developed other asbestos-related diseases through negligence or breach of statutory duty and are unable to bring a civil claim for damages of course needs to be addressed.”
This proposed legislation is welcome, but I hope the Government will listen to those calling for these sensible amendments, which would make the Scheme truly beneficial for the victims of this terrible disease.